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Behind the Curtain: Il Trovatore Scene-By-Scene

Posted on: September 7, 2021

In this podcast, mezzo-soprano Raehann Bryce-Davis, who plays Azucena in LA Opera's 2021 production of Il Trovatore, takes us through a scene-by-scene description of Verdi's masterpiece, which opens September 18th.

View the full transcript of this podcast below

Full Transcript: 



Spain, 15th Century. Count di Luna is obsessed with Leonora, a young noblewoman who does not return his love. He has heard an unknown troubadour serenading Leonora, and the jealous count is determined to capture and punish him. Ferrando, captain of Di Luna’s guard, recounts the terrible story of a woman who was burned at the stake years ago for bewitching the count’s infant brother. The woman’s daughter then took revenge by kidnapping the boy and throwing him into the flames where her mother had died. The charred skeleton of a child was discovered there, and Di Luna’s father died of grief soon after. The daughter disappeared without a trace, but Di Luna has sworn to find her.

Leonora confides in her companion Ines that she is in love with a mysterious man she met at a tournament before the outbreak of war, and that he is the troubadour who serenades her each night. They leave and Count di Luna appears, looking for Leonora. Leonora hears the troubadour’s song in the darkness and rushes out to greet her beloved – but mistakenly embraces Di Luna. The troubadour arrives and reveals his true identity: he is Manrico, leader of the partisan rebel forces opposed to Di Luna. Furious, the Count challenges him to fight to the death.


During the duel, some mysterious instinct stopped Manrico from killing his rival. The war has raged on, with the Di Luna’s forces victorious in the most recent battle. Manrico was badly wounded, but his mother, Azucena, has nursed him back to health.

Fellow travelers gather at Azucena’s hideout. Azucena reveals to Manrico that she is the woman for whom Di Luna has been searching. Her life is scarred by the memory of her mother’s death and the terrible revenge she exacted. Manrico, who has never heard the full story, is determined to finally know the truth. Azucena tells him how she stole the older count’s infant son but in her rage accidentally murdered her own child in the fire instead. When Manrico demands to know who he truly is, Azucena is evasive, telling him all that matters is the mother’s love she has shown him all his life – and that he cannot fail to take revenge on the house of Di Luna. A messenger arrives with news that Leonora, believing that Manrico has fallen in battle and hoping to escape Di Luna’s grasp, is entering a convent. Azucena pleads with Manrico to stay, but he resolves to go to her immediately.

Di Luna arrives at the convent with his troops to take Leonora by force, but his attempt to seize her is foiled when Manrico and his men attack. In the ensuing chaos, the lovers escape.


Di Luna has laid siege to the fortress where Manrico has taken refuge with Leonora. Soon, soldiers bring in Azucena, whom Ferrando and his men have captured nearby. When she hears di Luna’s name, her reaction arouses suspicion, and Ferrando recognizes her as the murderer of the count’s brother. Azucena cries out to Manrico to rescue her, and di Luna realizes that he now has his enemy in his hands. He orders a pyre built for Azucena.

Inside, Manrico and Leonora are preparing to be married. She is frightened, but he assures her of his love even in the face of death. When news of Azucena’s capture arrives, Manrico summons his forces and prepares to attack.


Manrico’s army has been defeated, and he and Azucena are being held captive by Di Luna. Leonora has escaped and now comes to the prison to pray for Manrico’s salvation. When Di Luna orders the execution of Manrico and Azucena at sunrise, Leonora offers herself to the count in return for her lover’s life; however, she secretly takes a slow-acting poison, sealing her fate.

In their cell, Manrico tries to comfort Azucena, who is terrified of the fate that awaits her. Leonora arrives to tell Manrico that he is saved and urges him to escape. Understanding that she has promised herself to Di Luna, he denounces her and refuses to flee. But the poison is already taking effect, and Leonora dies in his arms – just as Di Luna arrives. Di Luna sends Manrico to his execution. Azucena cries out that her mother is avenged; Di Luna has killed his own brother.