Beatriz Ilari, PhD, is Associate Professor of Music Education and Chair of the Department of Music Teaching and Learning at the University of Southern California. Using both quantitative and qualitative approaches, she has conducted extensive research with infants and children to examine the intersections between music, child development, cognition and culture. Ilari is a research fellow at USC’s Brain & Creativity Institute, and collaborates regularly with colleagues from various fields in Brazil, Portugal, Spain, Honk Kong, UK and USA. Her research has appeared in venues such as the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Journal of Research in Music Education, Music & Science, PNAS, and Psychology of Music. She is currently an associate editor of the International Journal of Music in Early Childhood, and a co-editor for “Routledge Companion to Interdisciplinary Studies in Singing - Development."