Filmmaker Alfred Hitchcock was known as the "Master of Suspense."
He famously employed a kind of psychological suspense in his films, producing a distinct viewer experience. Born in London in 1899, Alfred Hitchcock worked for a short time in engineering before entering the film industry in 1920.
He left for Hollywood in 1939, where his first American film, Rebecca, won an Academy Award for best picture. Hitchcock created more than 50 films, including the classics Rear Window, Vertigo, Rope, The 39 Steps and Psycho.
He received the AFI's Life Achievement Award in 1979. He died in 1980.